من لشهداء وضحايا ثورة سبتمبر المجيدة
10-12-2013 05:31 PM
بينما يتأهب المجمتع الدولي مع الناشطين السودانييون لرفع قضايا جديدة ضد المتهمين بقتل المدنيين في ثورة سبتمبر 2013 المجيدة ، تناقش قمة الاتحاد الأفريقي المنعقدة في أثيوبيا اليوم الجمعة 12 أكتوبر الجاري إصدار قرار يطالب بتأجيل محاكمة الرئيس السوداني عمر البشير والكيني يهورو كينياتا ، ولكن لا يعني هذا انسحاب جماعي لأفريقيا من المحكمة الجنائية وكان السكرتير العام السابق للأمم المتحدة قد أنتقد فكرة الانسحاب الجماعي واعتبرها عاراً على أفريقيا.
هذا ومن غير المتوقع ان تنسحب أفريقيا من المحكمة الجنائية للإنقسام الشديد بين المؤيدين والمعارضين للمحكمة ، حيث تؤيد دول مثل جنوب أفريقيا ـ بتسوانا ، ليسوتو وموريشوس مثلاً عمل المحكمة الجنائية في أفريقيا.
وكما هومعروف فان المحكمة الجنائية الدولية تعانى من عقبات كثيرة لتنفيذ العدالة اهمها على الاطلاق احجام الدول الكبيرة عن المصادقة على معاهدة روما المكونة للمحكمة الجنائية، وتعاني المحكمة ايضاً من المواقف الانتهازية لبعض الدول التي يمكنها تنفيذ العدالة ولاتفعل أو تلك الدول التي تستغل عمليات المحكمة لتنفيذ أهداف إستراتيجية ، مثل بريطانيا التي كشفتها وثائق ويكليكس التى تفيد بان المحكمة برأى بريطانيا التى ترى ان المحكمة غير ذات جدوى ولكن بريطانيا تدعم أمر القبض على البشير لإرغامة على فصل الجنوب مع تبني سياسة مرنة في التعامل مع الخرطوم.
The UK is doing every thing it can to remain flexible on the ICC and to use Bashir's potential indictment as a lever to change the dynamic on the Darfur political process and to spur CPA implementation. End Summary .
انظر النص الكامل للبرقية أدناه.
وتعكس البرقية التهديد الاستراتيجي الخطير للسودان المرتبط ببقاء البشير على سدة السلطة ، كذلك يعكس خيبة بريطانيا العظمى تجاه مسؤولياتها الإنسانية.
ولكن لا يعني هذا ان يتخلي أهالي الضحايا عن مسعاهم في رفع دعواهم الي المحكمة الجنائية الدولية ضد كل النافذين المسؤولين عن سياسة تصفية الناشطين والمتظاهرين السلميين، ويمكن دعم ذلك بتقديم شكاوى يمكن أن تحد من حركة كل المجرمين في كل عواصم العالم حيث تسمح بعض المحاكم الوطنية بذلك ، كذلك الضغط على القضاء السوداني ولازال به الكثير من الشرفاء لرفع دعاوي جنائية تعري وتحرج النظام مع تكثيف العمل الاعلامي عبر وسائل التواصل الاجتماعي ، مع تسريع إطلاق القناة الفضائية السودانية التي صار من الممكن إطلاقها الآن للأسباب الاستراتيجة في مصر ودعم بعض دول الحليج الواضح للشعب السوداني.
وفي الختام ، نقول بأن الله سبحانه تعالى هو كفيل بحق شهداء وضحايا الإنقاذ و على البشير ومن معه ان يدركوا بأن يد الله سبحانه وتعالى لابد ان تطالهم وان دماء الشهداء بداية من مجدي وبطرس ، مرورا بمحمد فضل وشهدا ثورة الخلاص الوطني والى آخر شهداء الثورة في نيرتتي والخرطوم لن تضيع هباءً وان الشعب السوداني على موعد مع صبح الخلاص بإذن الله.
SUBJECT: SUDAN/ICC: UK PREPARED TO REMAIN INITIALLY
FLEXIBLE IN THE FACE OF NEW INDICTMENTS REF: USUN 617
Classified By: POLITICAL COUNSELOR RICHARD MILLS, REASONS 1.4 (B/D).
¶1. (C/NF) In the wake of yesterday's call by Chinese and Russian PermReps in New York to suspend the ICC investigations that may lead to the July 14 indictment of Sudanese President Bashir and other regime higher-ups, the Foreign Office has decided to remain flexible on its strong support for the ICC. According to FCO Sudan Unit contacts, UKUN recommended a "defiant response" to the Chinese and Russian demands, in line with the UK's core policy of supporting the ICC. However, after a
hastily called internal meeting this morning with FCO Permanent Under Secretary Peter Ricketts, FCO senior officials reportedly determined to send more "nuanced" instructions to their mission in New York. While there is "no way the UK will be on a forward footing," FCO contacts report HMG may be willing to be "flexible" if the Government of Sudan makes serious efforts to improve immediately the situation in Darfur. That said, top FCO Legal Advisor Daniel Bethlehem is reportedly "nervous" that there may be very little legal space for the UK to remain flexible for long.
¶2. (C/NF) UK officials plan to seek ministerial advice on UK-Sudan policy in light of the indictments on July 15 at a Cabinet-level meeting on Africa, after the ICC Prosecutor announces the new indictments on July 14. Among UK officials, there is growing skepticism that a Bashir indictment will actually be an "apocalyptic event," even if it could cause drastic damage to the UK's current policy of engagement with Bashir's regime in Khartoum.
¶3. (SBU) In the interim, Foreign Secretary Miliband has approved the following press lines: -- The ICC will continue to have our full support for its activities. -- Ending impunity is vital to a solution in Darfur. That is why in March 2005, the UK sponsored UNSCR 1593 which referred Darfur to the ICC. The ICC Prosecutor has submitted an application for (insert names) to the ICC judges. It would be premature to comment or speculate on the outcome of the ICC deliberations. -- We call on the Government of Sudan to cooperate with the ICC. The Foreign Secretary raised this with Sudanese President on July 9. Visit London's Classified Website:XXXXXXXXXXXX LeBaron
DE RUEHLO #1862/01 1971606
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 151606Z JUL 08
FM AMEMBASSY LONDON
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 9197
INFO RUEHKH/AMEMBASSY KHARTOUM PRIORITY 0105
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1225
C O N F I D E N T I A L LONDON 001862
USUN FOR JANA CHAPMAN-GATES
E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/18/2018
TAGS: PREL UNSC KPKO PHUM SU UK
SUBJECT: SUDAN/ICC: UK STRATEGY WITH POTENTIAL BASHIR ICC
REF: LONDON 1841
Classified By: Political Minister Counselor Richard Mills, reasons 1.4 (b/d).
¶1. (C/NF) Summary. Following Foreign Secretary Miliband's July 9 visit to Sudan, ICC Chief Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo's July 14 request for indictment of Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, and Sudanese Foreign Minister Deng Alor's July 14 assurances to the UK that the GoS will "engage
legally" with the ICC, a July 15 UK Cabinet-level meeting approved a UK strategy to continue HMG's constructive engagement with the GoS and press for progress on the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and the Darfur political process while also maintaining HMG credibility in support of the ICC.
Ministers said HMG should continue to press the GoS to cooperate with the ICC while not taking any options off the table and without espousing a hard-line approach in support of the ICC. While there is no current movement to pursue an Article 16 suspension of the ICC's investigation of Bashir, a
"card not to sell cheaply," the UK wants that option to remain on the table. Although HMG will not acknowledge it publicly, the UK is doing every thing it can to remain flexible on the ICC and to use Bashir's potential indictment as a lever to change the dynamic on the Darfur political process and to spur CPA implementation. End Summary.
Miliband and Alexander Outline the UK's Policy --------------------------------------------- -
¶2. (C/NF) According to FCO contacts, Foreign Secretary David Miliband and Development Secretary Douglas Alexander outlined a UK strategy to continue HMG's constructive engagement with GoS and press for progress on the CPA and the Darfur political process while maintaining the UK's credibility during a Cabinet-level meeting on July 15. Ministers agreed HMG should continue to press the GoS to cooperate with the ICC while not taking any options off the table and without
adopting a hard-lined approach in support of the ICC. There is no current movement to pursue an Article 16 suspension of the ICC's investigation of Bashir, a "card not to sell cheaply." Ministers said there would have to be significant movement on both CPA and Darfur to warrant a move on Article 16 and the UK should try "to use intelligently the political space created by the ICC announcement," in concert with the U.S. and France.
¶3. (C/NF) Ministers also agreed that the CPA should be central to HMG policy and that Prime Minister Brown's offer to help in the Darfur political talks should remain on the table, but not be an active element of the UK's policy. Supporting the newly appointed UN/AU Chief Mediator and encouraging civil society integration in the process will be the main focus of the UK's policy for
Sudanese Say They will Engage with the ICC ------------------------------------------
¶4. (C/NF) In a July 14 meeting between Sudanese Foreign Minister Deng Alor and the UK Ambassador to Sudan, Alor said the GoS Council of Ministers had met on July 13 to determine its response to Ocampo's request for indictment of Bashir. Alor said Bashir was "surprisingly calm" and that the Council agreed to engage legally with the ICC; to work for a rapid broad-based solution to the conflict in Darfur, including establishment of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission; and to work for a united position with other political parties to promote national reconciliation and help turn the indictment into something positive. At the meeting, First Vice President Salva Kiir reportedly agreed the SPLM would remain in the Government of National Unity and work with the NCP to address the crisis caused by the ICC announcement. The two parties agreed to establish a joint crisis management committee, chaired by Kiir and to include Second Vice President Taha, Foreign Minister Deng Alor, and the Ministers of Justice and Information.
¶5. (C/NF) In the short-term, Alor told the UK Ambassador that he would like to stop by London and Paris on his way back from the July 16-17 Dakar Contact Group meeting in Senegal. In addition, the GoS plans to send government lawyers to the ICC to engage the Court quietly but officially. (Note: Ocampo had previously told FCO legal advisors that Sudanese legal engagement could prolong the indictment process by months or even years. Since then, the FCO has been aggressively pushing the
Sudanese to engage the Court. End Note.) Other UK reporting indicates that the SPLM has been trying to engage the NCP on creation of a Roadmap on Darfur in consultation with other political parties and civil society.
The Foreign Secretary's Visit to Sudan --------------------------------------
¶6. (C/NF) Foreign Secretary Miliband made a whirlwind trip of less than 24 hours to Sudan on July 9, where he discussed the CPA, 2009 elections, Darfur, Sudan-Chad relations, and the 2011 referendum on South self-determination. His meetings included calls on President Bashir, Foreign Secretary Deng Alor, Senior President Advisor Nafie Ali Nafie, and National Security and Intelligence Director Salah al Gosh. 7. (C/NF) FCO contacts described Miliband's meeting with Bashir as "largely
constructive and cordial." Bashir made his usual refrains about the Sudanese not receiving the deliverables promised by the international community in return for signing the CPA (i.e. removal from the U.S. list of state sponsors of terrorism, etc.) and about the UK's one-sided policy in support of Darfur rebels. Miliband underscored the need for political settlement of Darfur and stability in the South so that HMG could spend its time and resources on development rather than humanitarian assistance. On the CPA, Miliband welcomed the Assessment and Evaluation Commission's adoption of the mid-term report and emphasized the need to begin work on long-term issues like oil wealth-sharing. Both Bashir and Alor were reportedly positive about the progress on the Abyei Roadmap, but noted that there were still problems in deciding the top posts in the interim administration.
¶8. (C/NF) Miliband said the GoS should work with the newly appointed UN/AU Chief Mediator to bring about a new dynamic to the Darfur political talks, even though the rebels remained fragmented and hesitant to engage. He also highlighted the need to engage civil society and all Sudanese political parties in development of a common platform on Darfur in the run-up to the 2009 elections.
¶9. (C/NF) Miliband privately raised the ICC with Bashir in a one-on-one meeting to communicate the urgency for the GoS to engage the ICC, encouraging Bashir not turn his back on the international community.
¶10. (C/NF) As an architect of the ICC and one of its most staunch supporters, HMG is in a difficult position over the ICC's potential indictment of Bashir, which it sees as unhelpful. Although there is no clear end-game in mind, HMG seems happy to walk the fine line of pushing GoS engagement with the ICC while also looking to make Bashir's potential indictment the element that changes the dynamics on Darfur and encourages CPA implementation. HMG's public message on the ICC will likely
remain supportive, while the UK will likely pursue a more flexible policy at the UN and in its dialogue with Khartoum.