مذكرة المنظمات السودانية بالسويد للخارجية السويدية
10-08-2013 06:34 AM
منظمات المجتمع المدني السودانية في السويد تتقدم بمذكرة للخارجية السويدية حول وضع الحريات وحقوق الإنسان في السودان
ستكهولم، 7 اكتوبر 2013: في إطار تكثيف الضغط الدولي علي الحكومة السودانية ، دفعت مجموعة من منظمات المجتمع المدني السودانية بالسويد بمذكرة لوزارة الخارجية السويدية حول الوضع الراهن للحريات وحقوق الإنسان في السودان إثر الإحتجاجات واسعة النطاق التي تشهدها البلاد. هدفت المذكرة إلى التنوير بمجريات الأحداث الحالية في السودان، وإلى وضع قضية الانتهاكات في السودان في أجندة الحكومة السويدية لخلق مزيد من الضغط على الحكومة السودانية . كشفت المذكرة حجم الانتهاكات التي ارتكبها نظام الخرطوم ضد حقوق الإنسان وحرية التعبير، منددةً بالتصدي الحكومي الدموي للتظاهرات السلمية، ومنوهةً إلى ضرورة ايقاف الانتهاكات الحالية وإطلاق سراح المعتقلين فوراً أو تقديمهم للعدالة علاوةً على إجراء تحقيق شفاف حول الانتهاكات الأخيرة وتحويل المجرمين إلى القضاء، مع ضمان حرية التعبير والتوقف عن تضييق الخناق على كتاب الرأي. تأتي هذه المذكرة مكملة للحراك الجماهيري الذي نظمه السودانيون في السويد في الأيام القليلة الماضية والذي بدأ يوم الأربعاء 2 أكتوبر بالتظاهر أمام السفارة السودانية بإستكهولم مشفعاً تلك المبادرة بتظاهرة كبرى في وسط العاصمة إستكهولم يوم السبت 5 أكتوبر شارك فيها مجموعه من السودانيين و منظمات المجتمع المدني السودانية والروابط الإقليمية رفضاً للدموية و الوحشية التي يتعامل بها النظام في السودان و الأجهزة الأمنية و الشرطية مع المدنيين مما أسفر عما يفوق ال 200 شهيد و 700 جريح و ما يفوق 2000 معتقل في سجون النظام ناهيك عن الاستهداف الواضح لوسائل الإعلام المحلية و الدولية . وهي دعوة للجميع بالتظاهر أمام سفارات السودان في جميع أنحاء العالم لكشف وتنوير المجتمع الدولي ومراكز صنع القرار بمجريات الأحداث الراهنة في السودان.
أيمن عادل أمين
ع/ منظمات المجتمع المدني الموقعة على المذكرة
مرفقات : النسخة الإنجليزية من المذكرة
To : Swedish Foreign Minister
“That was on Monday 23rd 2013 at 5:45 pm. We have been arrested from a peaceful demonstration in the neighborhood. (…) My brother El Sheikh was beaten and his head was injured in three places according to the medical report (…), his collar-bone was broken in addition to several bruises. We haven’t been allowed to go to the hospital. He was bleeding all the night. This made him swoon. As for me, I have been beaten by several soldiers. They were too many and attacked me like flies. They have beaten me with countless hoses, but I can track their traces in my body. They dragged me across the floor, called me bad names using the rudest words. I have been threatened with group rape. One of them even molested me. Can you imagine?”
From testimony of the young Sudanese novelist Ms. Rania Mamoun
Brief on the ongoing developments and human rights situation in Sudan
Prepared by Sudanese civil society groups in Sweden in consultation with two civil society organizations in Khartoum
Stockholm 7th October, 2013
On 23rd September peaceful protests started in Medani, central Sudan in response to the government decision to cut subsidy of oil products, and consequently increase prices of fuel and food items. One day later protests expanded to the capital city of Omdurman Khartoum, Khartoum North and other major towns of Sudan. Demonstrators soon shifted from protesting against subsidy cuts to demand regime change and democracy.
Police and National Congress Party militias dealt with protests violently by using excessive and unnecessary force. This led to several killings and injuries among peaceful protesters. Recent estimates indicate that death toll amounts to over 200 lives and 700 injuries. In parallel to this cruelty authorities arrested more than 2000 of activists. The Minister of Interior declared on 27th September that they have arrested 600, two days later the Sudanese Committee for the Defense of Rights and Freedoms (SCDRF), a human rights group in Khartoum announced that the number of detainees have increased to1000. Based on the most recent experience of similar protest in June-July 2012, human rights groups are deeply concerned of the safety of detainees. According to some activists and demonstrators released from detention, as well as a number of well-documented incidents and rampant cases, torture is a routine practices in secret detention centers run by the National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) as well as in police custodies in Sudan. It is also reported that most of the leaders of opposition parties are subject to detention and house arrest. Furthermore, eyewitnesses report orchestrated destruction of private properties in different parts of Khartoum by security agents to justify brutality against protesters and use of excessive force.
The Spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights stated on 27th September that “Security forces [in Sudan] are reported to have used excessive force in suppressing the protests, with security agents allegedly firing live ammunition at some protesters and beating others. Witnesses speak of bodies of dead demonstrators with gunshot wounds in the upper torso and head. There have also been reports of destruction of property by demonstrators”. In a joint statement with African Centre for Justice and Peace Studies, Lucy Freeman, Africa Deputy Director at Amnesty International said “Shooting to kill – including by aiming at protesters’ chests and heads – is a blatant violation of the right to life, and Sudan must immediately end this violent repression”
In addition to killing, Government of Sudan spared no effort to curtail freedom of expression in Sudan during this week of protests. Since 25th September Internet service was interrupted several times including a full blackout on 25th. Electronic media and news outlets are frequently blocked. Also, according to Journalist for Human Rights (JHR), a human rights group focus on media freedoms, the National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) summoned on 25th all editors of Khartoum printed dailies and warned them collectively to abstain from publishing on a long list of topics including subsidy cuts, demonstrations, killings of protesters and detentions of activists. They have been instructed to confine their news stories to what they receive from NISS or from the official spokespersons of police and army. Obtaining information from other sources including victims and medical staff in hospitals is strictly prohibited. A number of journalists and columnists are prohibited from publishing since the beginning of the protests.
The Sudanese Human Rights Monitor, an organization based in Khartoum reported that three dailies were confiscated on 19th September. These were Al Ayam, Al Jareeda and Al Intibaha. On 24th Aljareeda was again confiscated and columnists Zuhair Al Sarraj was banned from writing for seven days. In response to clear instructions by NISS on the coverage of protests, Al Ayam daily decided on 26th September to voluntarily stop publishing as 'censorship made it impossible to publish a newspaper within the minimum professional ethics' according to its editor, Mr. Mahjoub M. Salih. At least two more dailies decided later to stop publishing.
Representatives of foreign media have also been harassed. According to human rights sources, corresponded of the satellite channel Al Arabia was arrested for some hours, his license was withdrawn and his broadcast office in Khartoum was closed down. The correspondent of the US TV Al Hurra in Medani has been arrested, Skynews correspondent have been summoned and presenter Sulf Abudafir of the local Al Masa TV has been arrested for a short period and warned not to cover protests.
Reading these developments with the grave violations of human rights committed by the current Sudanese regime including Darfur genocide and the atrocities against the peoples of the Blue Nile and Nuba Mountains, concerns about potential large scale violence are pressing. We invite Sweden, the EU and all actors in the international community to use their bilateral and multilateral channels to pressurize the Government of Sudan to:
• Respect their obligations under Sudan 2005 Interim Constitutions and international law. They must immediately stop killing peaceful demonstrators;
• Release all detainees or bringing them to court in a due legal process as soon as possible. In all cases the Sudan government must guarantee their safety and bodily integrity; and
• Initiate independent investigation into the killing of demonstrators including those killed in Nyala, South Darfur last month, and bring perpetrators, whoever they are to justice.
• Respect freedom of expression and stop application of all types of censorship and harassments against journalists and writers.
If the we are drawing lessons from the atrocities committed in Darfur, Nuba Mountains, Blue Nile, Syria, Libya, Egypt and Yemen, world must act now and firmly to stop using excessive force against peaceful protesters.
1. Sudanese Revolutionary Committee in Sweden
2. Darfur Association in Sweden
3. The Nubian Association in Sweden
4. Nuba mountains Peoples Association in Sweden
5. Sudan Liberal Democratic Party
6. Sudan People's Liberation Movement/ North(SPLM/N)
7. The Sudan Front for Change (SFC)
8. Human Rights Organization- Sudan (HROS)
9. Freedom of Expression Campaign - Sudan
10. Two Civil Society Organization From Sudan