جريمة .. "الحاويات" !!
يا أخ مدحت عروة رئيس الوزراء البريطانى امس اصدر عدة قرارات لمحاصرة جماعة اﻻخوان المسلمين واعتبرها جماعه ارهابيه بالرغم من ان بريطانيا هى من ساعد فى نموها منذ حسن البناء الذى نال تعليمه بها وهى بريطانيا من مولتهم وسمحت لهم بإنشاء الجمعيات التى استقطبت لهم الدعم من بريطانيا ومن المانيا والدول الغربيه عموما وكانت ملجأ لكل قيادات اﻻخوان المسلمين واﻵن يوجد بها مقر التنظيم العالمى للاخوان المسلمين .. !! ولكن المخابرات البريطانيه انتقدت هذه القرارات - برغم انهم قد التزموا بتنفيذها - وذلك بسبب ان هذه الجماعه هى تمدهم بمعلومات عن بعضهم البعض وهى جاسوسهم على المنطقه !!
هذا الكلام خبر واذيع امس وليس تحليلا ..!!
ردود على التلب
[مبارك] 12-20-2015 11:27 PM
حسن البنا كان يدرس في المدارس الاولية
سيد قطب ابتعث لامريكا مدة سنتين وانتمى لتنظيم الاخوان بعد موت حسن البنا بسنين
[التلب] 12-20-2015 08:08 PM
آسف جدا من تلقى تعليمه فى بريطانيا هو سيد قطب اما الماسونى اﻻخر ( البنا ) فكان فى امريكا .. معليش فقد تشابه علينا الماسون
لماذا يكره الاسلامويون الشعب السودانى؟؟؟
هذا هو السؤال المحورى!!!
هم بيفتكروا ان اعدائهم الحقيقيين هم افراد الشعب السودانى الغير منتمين او يخالفون الحركة الاسلاموية او الاسلام السياسى بتاع المدعوان حسن البنا الساعاتى(فى كتاب مصريين طلعوه يهودى) وسيد قطب وهلم جرا انتو ما ملاحظين مدى شدتهم وقسوتهم على السودانيين الغير كيزان مسلمين او غير مسلمين؟؟
انا اعتقدجازما اذا عايزين تغيظوا اسرائيل واعداء الاسلام ادفنوا او اقبروا الحركة الاسلاموية تحت التراب هذه الحركة بت الكلب وبت الحرام الما شفنا ليها رجالة او جهاد الا ضد السودانيين!!كسرة:حدثنى احد الاشخاص وقال لى ىان احد البريطانيين الف كتاب عن هذه الحركة فى بريطايا وسيظهر قريبا او ظهرعن نشأة هذه الحركة المشبوهة وغيرها ومساعدة الاستخبارات الصهيونية والغربية لهم لضرب الاسلام من الداخل وخلق الفتن فى العالم الاسلامى حتى ينشغلوا فى انفسهم وينسوا حاجة اسمها احتلال اسرائيلى هسع الآن منو الجايب خبر للقضية الفلسطينية وقضية القدس خلاص اتنست وبقت الحكاية كلها الحرب على الارهاب الصنعوه هم والاتفرخ من حركة الاخوان المسلمين واسرائيل قاعدة تتفرج وهى مبسوطة ومدلدلة كراعينها وتلولحهم بانبساط!!!!
قوموا الى جهادكم الجد ايها السودانيين واقبروا هذه الحركة المشبوهة وارموها فى مزبلة التاريخ مكانها الذى تستحقة الواطية القذرة!!!
كنا نقرأ فى الاخبار احتراق عدد كبير من اشجار النخيل فى الولاية الشمالية
وكانت الحرائق تتوالى وتقضى على الاخضر واليابس دون اسباب ولكن الان اصبح
لدى شك يا ربى دا بسبب اخفاء سر النفايات المشعة دى ولا دا شيطان
النفايات الالكترونية جد امر خطير لقد كنت في اجتماع قبل أسبوع مع رئيس الاتحاد الافريقي للاتصالات و ناقشت معهم الموضوع الا ان الوضع في السودان أسوأ مما هو الحال في سائر البلاد الافريقية
Addressing the E-Waste Challenge in Africa: Practical Recommendations and Suggestions
The issue of electronic waste has become of great concern due to its environmental and health impacts. E waste may be defined as discarded computers, electronic equipment, telecom equipment, entertainment devices, mobile phones, television sets, etc. These items when burnt or dismantled can produce high level of pollution. Residue from recycling operations if not encapsulated properly can also produce e waste. Among the hazardous materials found in e waste are lead, mercury, chlorine poisonous gas, sold carbon, beryllium, lithium, zinc, toner dust, etc. The absence of short or long term strategic plan and lack of environmental cultural concerns are among several factors that contribute to the e waste catastrophe in Africa.
The region lacks proper e-waste management approaches such as the WEEE Directive in Europe. Some credible researches have indicated that between 40 to 50 million tons of e waste produced annually among which 15% are properly recycled while the rest is dumped in Asia (India and China) and a considerable amount is disposed to some coastal African countries including Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya, Somalia, etc. An international convention made it illegal to ship e waste to developing countries but brokers in industrialized countries play with the rules by sending e waste to Africa as second hand items. E waste brokers in the industrialized countries are still exporting e waste to Africa. For example in Ghana most of the e waste is imported from Australia. Some countries in Europe, USA and Canada have taken some strict measures for the control of electronic waste but still there are a lot of bugs. Other than the environmental benefit which is the main goal of any e waste recycling, there are many benefits. The high value of the computer and mobile phones can help pay the cost of collecting other hazardous materials. For example 25 tons of mobile phones can yield up to 10 kgs of gold worth around 300,000 dollars. 1000 tv sets contains 2 tons of copper to be extracted worth more than 3000 dollars. Jobs opportunities for locals can be created for e garbage collectors, technicians, engineers, etc.
Suggestions and Recommendations
The aim of this study was to develop models and strategies to tackle the e waste problem. In collaboration with existing local recycling projects, these suggestions shall be adjusted where necessary. The strategy includes two phases:
Phase One: Raise Public Awareness & Assessment and Pilot Design
Raise the public awareness by practical means that require little or no funds while researchers can do the assessment and pilot design
1. ATU can intensify its work and advice to regulators in Africa about the risks of the E waste by addressing the issue through workshops, conferences, or video conference with help from the ITU and other environmental organizations in Europe and North America such as United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and WEEE. ATU can use its links to lobby at the European and North American e waste organizations in order to make it difficult for e waste dumping in Africa in forms of donations; this can be accomplished with the help from the African Virtual Society of Consultants, Businessmen and Researchers (AVSCBR). AVSCBR is recommended by the author to be formed benefiting from the Africans experts overseas and elsewhere since no need for their physical presence in Africa. If this suggestion is adopted by the ATU then member countries may not need to spend money in hiring consulting firms or researches in this field.
2. ATU can advise African regulators to encourage African researchers to address e waste issue. Researches in each country shall address the assessment of the e waste as well as the e waste pilot facility design. Such researches (in their simplest form) can be accomplished in forms of graduation projects by engineering students supervised by their professors (students are usually very enthusiastic in collecting data) or could be in forms of competitive research financed by the steak holders (network operators, electric and electronic companies, NGOs, etc). It is more feasible when each country’s researchers do their research separately and then articles from different countries can be published in peer- review articles. Then a blueprint draft shall be developed for a sustainable e-waste management system for the entire African Countries. It is known from a previous study that regulators tend to be more enthusiastic for ideas initiated by or sponsored by ATU.
3. Regulators can encourage local media (TV, Radio) to contribute in the awareness by broadcasting educational e waste programs. Regulators shall ask network operators to broadcast SMS messages to subscribers about the e waste catastrophe such as “Do not to dump your mobile battery”
4. Smart partnership with international and regional research centres that are supported by media channels such as Aljazeera Centre for Studies to sponsor a research and transform it into practical documentary film that can be translated into many spoken languages in Africa in addition to Arabic, French, and English.
5. Regulators may lobby at their governments and law makers to make it difficult for traders to import e waste items in forms of second hand materials.
Phase Two: E waste Collection, Management and Processing: Can be done benefiting from the research results that shall be produced in Phase 1 (assessment and pilot design) in two scenarios:
1. Countries that still practise monopoly in telecommunications (Internet and phone) such as Ethiopia: Can form an e Waste Recycling Entity (WRE) to collect and manage the recycling of the e waste. This can be done by raising funds using two ways:
A. For every item that is collected by a subscriber or any non subscriber (mobile phones and accessories, computers, etc), an incentive in form of air time shall be awarded by WRE. The telecom company which is owned by the government (Ethiopia) can apply a fee equivalent to 10 cent (1/10 of US dollar) on each new subscriber or new sim card. A charge of 50 cents per month can be collected from each subscriber that consumes per month more than the average personal income. (AVSCBR) can help in the design and the management process of the plant.
B. Top officials (presidents, ministers, etc) shall be invited along with businessmen to pledge funds for this nationally endorsed project; the presence of such high rank officials is to show their supports and encourage businessmen and companies to pledge.
2. Countries that have more free market practices where more than one telecom operator exist such as Sudan: Can establish a non profit firm or on- cost company (WRE) that overseas the collection, management, and recycling of the e waste. (AVSCBR) can help in the design and the management of the plant. The share holders and their roles stated below:
a. The local regulator (organizes the management and the tax exemption and represents the government)
b. Telecom operators: as part of their social obligation towards their subscribers (they are also main source of e waste and hazardous materials) they shall offer air time to this Waste Recycling Entity (WRE) and this air time can be used by the WRE to pay for the recycling. This air time is considered as the network operator’s share in funding this entity.
c. Any charitable funds or NGO that willing to pledge or provide consultation could be a member.
d. Top officials (presidents, ministers, etc) can be invited along with businessmen to pledge funds for this nationally endorsed project.
• The main goal of this recycling body (WRE) is to technically set standards and rules that can clearly set the line between the second hand and e waste so that no excuse for importing e- waste as second hand.
• Among the roles of this Recycling entity is to train customs authority to differentiate between the e waste and the second hand items when conducting inspection.
• Students from Universities and technical institutes can also be trained in this facility. This WRE can later become a field for practical research on e waste and build relationship with other research organizations in the e waste.
This solution should not affect the importation of second hand (usable) materials and devices which have a clear contribution in reducing the digital divide among the less fortune African citizens. But rather be regulated in a sense that every trader must be responsible for any items that are considered e waste. Hence traders will be held accountable for the recycling cost plus any legal actions.
The author noticed that many countries in Africa are enthusiastic to transform from analogue to digital (as encouraged by the ITU) or from 3G to 4G (mobile networks) which will lead to producing huge amount of e waste out of replacing the existing analogue equipments and 2G and 3G. Such quick transformation must thoroughly be addressed.
Dr. Eng. Mohamed Sherif